Web citations

If you’re reading The Solomon Scandals in ePub or Kindle format, you can click on direct links to external Web pages  If you’re reading a print edition, you instead can use the links below.

Please do not confuse the links with the book’s endnotes.

The links go to sources, while the endnotes offer explanations and brief commentaries on various topics.

BOOK LINK

SolomonScandals.com

The site you’re on now. Covers political topics and others beyond the novel.

* * *

MAIN TEXT

History of the General Services Administration Building mentioned in Chapter 3’s endnotes:

https://www.gsa.gov/real-estate/historic-preservation/explore-historic-buildings/find-a-building/all-historic-buildings/us-general-services-administration-building-washington-dc

The FBI’s war against LGBT people:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Special_Agent

The agency now hires them.


AUTHOR’S NOTE: ODDS AND ENDS

Encyclopedia Britannica

https://www.britannica.com/

Reliability of Wikipedia: Not the final word

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reliability_of_Wikipedia#:~:text=Because%20Wikipedia%20cannot%20be%20considered,a%20pointer%20to%20external%20sources

Like traditional encyclopaedias, Wikipedia is not gospel, but if nothing else, the links to source items there should be useful.

Joel W. (Jay) Solomon, Carter-era administrator of the General Services Administration (not to be confused with the antagonist of the novel–which I started before I heard of him):

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jay_Solomon

My Washington Post article on Solomon’s potential conflicts and precautions against them:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/politics/1977/05/10/new-gsa-chief-has-stock-in-contractor/cd3c8693-a5fc-4c89-80d7-83b86b1b2f5b/

Solomon’s obituary with mention of his aggressive anti-corruption efforts at GSA:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/local/1984/07/30/joel-solomon-former-gsa-director-dies-at-62/bbb99fd6-352f-4ef5-9a28-63741d38ea15/

His battles with the GSA old guard:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/politics/1978/07/27/gsa-chief-ready-to-ask-top-aide-for-resignation/47787425-e429-45ff-bd7d-5176ac52729f/

More on the resistance Solomon encountered in his efforts to clean up GSA:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/politics/1978/07/27/gsa-chief-ready-to-ask-top-aide-for-resignation/47787425-e429-45ff-bd7d-5176ac52729f/

Lease of the Old Post Office Building:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Post_Office_(Washington,_D.C.)#Trump_International_Hotel_Washington,_D.C.

* * *

SCANDALS’S ORIGINS

Charles E. Smith, builder-developer and philanthropist:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Smith_(developer)

Senator Abraham Ribicoff’s obituary in the New York Times:

https://www.nytimes.com/1998/02/23/nyregion/ribicoff-of-connecticut-dies-governor-and-senator-was-87.html

Justice William J. Brennan, Jr.—a Wikipedia overview:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_J._Brennan_Jr.

Justice Clarence Thomas:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clarence_Thomas

My States News Service article on Senator Ribicoff’s investment in a Smith-linked high-rise:

https://www.solomonscandals.com/sen-ribicoffs-spookish-investment/

General Services Administration, the government’s business and housekeeping agency—handling real estate matters among others:

http://gsa.gov

The lunchroom photo with Smith and Ribicoff sitting next to each other:

https://capitaljewishmuseum.org/food-for-thought-power-lunches-with-milton-kronheim/

Milton Kronheim, once Washington’s most famous and powerful liquor dealer:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/local/1986/09/05/friend-of-presidents-milton-kronheim-dies/55399007-936c-4722-8178-8f783400de14/

Former Justice Arthur Goldberg:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Goldberg

Judge J. Skelly Wright:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._Skelly_Wright

A New York Times feature on Milton Kronheim’s power lunches:

https://www.nytimes.com/1979/07/15/archives/milton-kronheims-where-the-justices-adjourn-for-lunch-friendships-a.html

Judge David L. Bazelon:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_L._Bazelon

Robert H. Smith, Charles’s son:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_H._Smith_(philanthropist)

Robert P. Kogod, the son-in-law:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_P._Kogod

Charles Smith’s Washington Post obituary:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/politics/1996/01/01/washington-builder-philanthropist-charles-e-smith-dies/ce5bf753-2925-422d-80a6-14239152aed1/

Crystal City:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crystal_City,_Arlington,_Virginia

The origins of Crystal City’s name, as reported in Washingtonian Magazine:

https://www.washingtonian.com/2019/11/14/crystal-city-was-not-named-for-a-chandelier/ 

1996 Washington Post article on the Smith empire:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/business/1996/02/05/empire-of-the-son-and-son-in-law/84a748dc-2bce-40bf-9c53-5f2a584b75f3/

13 Young Men: How Charles E. Smith Influenced a Community: A book on Smith’s major role in the Jewish Community Center in Rockville, Maryland—an example of his prominence in Jewish philanthropy:

https://books.google.com/books?id=-M8cQn2ec1sC&printsec=copyright#v=onepage&q&f=false

Conversations with Papa Charlie:

https://books.google.com/books?id=gnuHF-VxeKMC&printsec=frontcover&dq=papa+charlie&hl=en&newbks=1&newbks_redir=0&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjGvaPm-fL-AhVylIkEHZjZDLwQ6AF6BAgEEAI#v=onepage&q=papa%20charlie&f=false

David Bruce Smith, the grandson who wrote Papa Charlie:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Bruce_Smith

The Institute for Psychobiology in Israel, cofounded by Charles Smith:

https://psychobiology.org.il/history.php#a2

Discussion of David Bruce Smith’s “Grateful American” history project:

https://www.neh.gov/article/grateful-americans

Clarice Smith, the late artist and widow of Robert Smith:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clarice_Smith

Michelle Smith, her late daughter the Smith executive and philanthropist:

https://www.bizjournals.com/washington/news/2020/09/30/philanthropist-michelle-smith-robert-h-smith-dies.html

Ban on Senators and other Members of Congress benefiting from partnerships leasing to the government:

https://www.solomonscandals.com/gsaRibicoffNoMemberOfCongress.jpg

The law behind the ban, Section 431 of Title 18 of the U.S. Code:

https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/18/431

Part of the federal lease for the high-rise in Arlington, Virginia—without all the partners listed as required:

https://www.solomonscandals.com/GSAleasekeybuildingribicoffcharlessmith.pdf

The General Services Administration’s requirement that leases name “partners composing the firm”:

https://www.solomonscandals.com/gsabuildingpartnership.jpg

Jim Polk, the NBC reporter who earlier worked for the Washington Star and the Associated Press:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Polk_(journalist)

Charles S. Bresler:

https://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/013200/013229/html/13229bio.html

Transcript of Congressional hearing on the Case of the Missing Cafeteria, with my Federal Times stories included:

https://books.google.com/books?id=oUoqAAAAMAAJ&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ViewAPI#v=onepage&q&f=false

Senator Edward Kennedy:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ted_Kennedy

Freedom of Information Act:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freedom_of_Information_Act_(United_States)

Front-page New York Times story reporting on my battle to see a shareholders list for Madison National Bank:

https://www.nytimes.com/1975/07/08/archives/bank-disclosure-ruling-reported-to-be-reversed-bank-ruling-said-to.html?searchResultPosition=2

Skyline collapse—Wikipedia overview:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skyline_Towers_collapse

Collapse as recalled by a firefighter through a colleague:

https://www.statter911.com/2010/05/27/from-the-statter911-com-archives-1973-building-collapse-in-baileys-crossroads-virginia-kills-14/

Mike Buchanan’s memorable video report on the Skyline collapse for Channel Nine in Washington, D.C.:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=98Rd1v1pOrQ

Cleveland State University analysis of the collapse:

https://engagedscholarship.csuohio.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=&httpsredir=1&article=1024&context=encee_facpub

Ben Bradlee, Washington Post executive editor:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ben_Bradlee

Bradlee obituary on National Public Radio:

https://www.npr.org/2014/10/21/352758758/ben-bradlee-who-led-the-washington-post-to-new-heights-dies

Lorain, Ohio:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorain,_Ohio

Irving Leibowitz, Lorain Journal editor:

https://indyencyclopedia.org/irving-leibo-leibowitz/

Alden Global Capital, current owner of the Journal via the MediaNews Group subsidiary:

https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2021/11/alden-global-capital-killing-americas-newspapers/620171/

Alden’s ban on newspapers endorsing major political candidates:

https://www.nytimes.com/2022/10/06/business/media/alden-newspaper-candidate-endorsements.html

TeleRead site:

https://teleread.org.

Archives:

http://teleread.com

E Ink explained:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electronic_paper

ePub ebook format:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EPUB

Sally Quinn, Washington Post reporter:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sally_Quinn

Christine Chubbuck, who killed herself on live television:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christine_Chubbuck

Quinn on the Chubbuck suicide (might not include entire article):

https://wapo.st/3Mkfayt

Former Philadelphia Inquirer reporter Laura Foreman’s obituary in the New York Times:

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/07/23/business/media/laura-foreman-dead.html

Madison National Bank:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/business/1991/05/13/a-bank-built-by-developers-crumbles/fe19e5bf-db7e-433e-96d5-03bd85a508cc/

The Protocols of the Elders of Zion:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Protocols_of_the_Elders_of_Zion

Anti-Jewish incidents at record highs:

https://www.nytimes.com/2023/03/23/us/antisemitism-anti-defamation-league-report.html

Shoah (the Holocaust—where six million Jews perished):

https://www.memorialdelashoah.org/en/archives-and-documentation/what-is-the-shoah.html

Praise of Hitler by the rapper Ye, formerly known as Kanye West:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2022/12/01/kanye-west-alex-jones-hilter-interview/

Students at Harvard rooting for Hamas:

https://www.thecrimson.com/article/2023/10/10/psc-statement-backlash/

Hamas’s anti-Semitism:

https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2023/10/hamas-covenant-israel-attack-war-genocide/675602/

Note: The Israeli government’s human rights record is hardly exemplary. But the Hamas terrorists were killing Jews at least partly for being Jews.

Mayor Richard Daley’s obscenity during the Democratic Convention:

https://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2018/09/02/how-fake-news-was-born-at-the-1968-dnc-219627/

Miami Herald clip saying Smith was “the only witness” when Senator Ribicoff remarried a second time on August 5, 1972:

https://www.newspapers.com/image/625347555/?terms=ribicoff%20%22charles%20e.%20smith%22&match=1.

The Herald described Smith as Ribicoff’s “very close friend.”

Scripps-Howard article by Dan Thomasson and Nicholas Horrock, reporting on investments by Justice Brennan, Abraham Ribicoff, and other officials in the Concord Village apartments in Arlington:

https://www.newspapers.com/image/799744579/?terms=%22charles%20e.%20smith%22%20ribicoff&match=1

Dan Thomasson, Scripps Howard reporter:

https://www.swtimes.com/story/opinion/2018/04/02/columnist-washington-bureau-chief-dan/12841574007/

Nicholas Horrock, Scripps Howard:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/obituaries/nicholas-horrock-dead/2021/04/30/861047d6-a9d2-11eb-bca5-048b2759a489_story.html

Summary of Times vs. Sullivan:

https://www.oyez.org/cases/1963/39

Justice William Brennan’s New York Times obituary:

https://www.nytimes.com/1997/07/25/us/william-brennan-91-dies-gave-court-liberal-vision.html

Justice Brennan: Liberal Champion:

https://books.google.com/books?id=pCpA_Z_IUDMC&newbks=1&newbks_redir=0&printsec=frontcover&dq=Justice+Brennan:+Liberal+Champion&hl=en#v=onepage&q=Justice%20Brennan%3A%20Liberal%20Champion&f=false

Seth Stern, coauthor of the Brennan biography:

https://stockton.edu/holocaust-resource/documents/Stern_Flyer_Stockton_2023.pdf

Stephen Wermiel, coauthor

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stephen_Wermiel

Edward Bennett Williams, Washington super lawyer:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Bennett_Williams

Washington Star clip reproduced in Congressional Record—discussing Ribicoff, Brennan and others’ financial ties with Smith companies:

https://www.google.com/books/edition/Congressional_Record/Y17LWOI19EwC?hl=en&gbpv=1&dq=brennan+ribicoff+rarick+congressional+record&pg=PA16042&printsec=frontcover

Judge Simon E. Sobeloff:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simon_Sobeloff

Former Justice Abe Fortas’s obituary in the New York Times:

https://www.nytimes.com/1982/04/07/obituaries/ex-justice-abe-fortas-dies-at-71-shaped-historic-rulings-on-rights.html

Justice Arthur Goldberg:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Goldberg

Ruth Marcus, Washington Post columnist and associate editor:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruth_Marcus_(journalist)#

Marcus’s Washington Post report of gifts from Charles Smith to Justice Brennan (including the forgiving of one hundred twenty thousand dollars on Brennan’s mortgage):

https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/politics/1991/05/18/brennan-discloses-gifts-from-local-developer/5a168d06-274e-467f-9f75-6ae86dc0d869/

Associated Press article in the New York Times on Smith’s Brennan gifts:

https://www.nytimes.com/1991/05/18/us/ex-justice-brennan-acknowledges-cash-gifts.html

American Bar Association rules on acceptance and reporting of gifts:

https://www.americanbar.org/groups/professional_responsibility/publications/model_code_of_judicial_conduct/model_code_of_judicial_conduct_canon_3/rule3_13acceptanceandreportingofgift/

Stephen Gillers, legal ethics expert:

https://its.law.nyu.edu/facultyprofiles/index.cfm?fuseaction=profile.overview&personid=19943

Steven Lubet, another expert:

https://www.law.northwestern.edu/faculty/profiles/stevenlubet/

Marcus’s May 2023 criticism of the Brennan-Smith relationship in an article on current conflicts of interest at the Supreme Court:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/2023/05/04/clarence-thomas-tuition-payments-harlan-crow/

Mortgage on America, by Leonard Downie Jr.:

https://books.google.com/books?id=BhZPAAAAMAAJ&dq=editions:LCCN73018751

Leonard Downie, Jr., Bradlee’s successor as Washington Post executive editor:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonard_Downie_Jr.

Dan Morgan, Washington Post:

https://www.businessinsider.com/author/dan-morgan

Dominick Antonelli, Jr., parking baron and developer:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dominic_F._Antonelli_Jr.

Kingdom Gould, Jr., an Antonelli partner:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingdon_Gould_Jr.

Jay Gould, the robber baron:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jay_Gould

Harlan Crow, real estate magnate and ever-generous friend of Justice Clarence Thomas:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harlan_Crow

Joshua Kaplan of ProPublica:

https://www.propublica.org/people/joshua-kaplan

ProPublica’s Justin Elliott:

https://www.propublica.org/people/justin-elliott

Alex Mierjeski of ProPublica:

https://www.propublica.org/people/alex-mierjeski

ProPublica article on hundreds of thousands of dollars in undisclosed gifts and favors from Harlan Crow to Justice Clarence Thomas:

https://www.propublica.org/article/clarence-thomas-scotus-undisclosed-luxury-travel-gifts-crow

Harlan Crow’s purchase of the house of Justice Thomas’s mother:

https://www.propublica.org/article/clarence-thomas-harlan-crow-real-estate-scotus

Crow’s payment of tuition for Thomas’s grandnephew:

https://www.propublica.org/article/clarence-thomas-harlan-crow-private-school-tuition-scotus#

A follow-up ProPublica article reporting that the value of Thomas’s undisclosed trips probably totaled in the millions:

https://www.propublica.org/article/clarence-thomas-other-billionaires-sokol-huizenga-novelly-supreme-court

The Federalist Society:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federalist_Society

The New York Times report of the Fortas resignation:

https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1969/05/16/90105708.html?pageNumber=1

Paul Singer, the hedge fund manager:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Singer_(businessman)

Justice Samuel Alito:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Alito

ProPublic on the Alito’s fishing trip:

https://www.propublica.org/article/samuel-alito-luxury-fishing-trip-paul-singer-scotus-supreme-court

Leonard Leo, a top Federalist Society Leader:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonard_Leo

Singer’s fight with the government of Argentina:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/business/wp/2016/03/29/how-one-hedge-fund-made-2-billion-from-argentinas-economic-collapse/

Justice Alito’s reply to ProPublica—appearing even before the article did:

https://www.wsj.com/articles/propublica-misleads-its-readers-alito-gifts-disclosure-alaska-singer-23b51eda

New York Times article mentioning that Singer’s connection with the Argentina-related case was “widely reported”:

https://www.nytimes.com/2023/06/21/us/politics/justice-alito-luxury-travel-fishing-trip.html

Senator Sheldon Whitehouse:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sheldon_Whitehouse

SCERT Act:

https://www.whitehouse.senate.gov/news/release/whitehouse-co-leads-senate-judiciary-committee-hearing-on-supreme-court-ethics-reform

https://www.congress.gov/bill/118th-congress/senate-bill/325/text

Analysis of the Supreme Court’s namby-pamby ethics code:

https://www.newyorker.com/news/daily-comment/the-supreme-courts-self-excusing-ethics-code

The New York Times on Congressional stock trading:

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2022/09/13/us/politics/congress-stock-trading-investigation.html

The ETHICS bill:

https://www.merkley.senate.gov/news/press-releases/senators-representatives-unveil-bipartisan-legislation-to-end-corrupt-stock-trading-activities-by-members-of-congress#:~:text=The%20ETHICS%20Act%20is%20new,securities%2C%20commodities%2C%20or%20futures

GSA employees receiving bribes as high as a quarter of a million dollars for certifying imaginary repair work:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/politics/1978/07/27/gsa-chief-ready-to-ask-top-aide-for-resignation/47787425-e429-45ff-bd7d-5176ac52729f/

The number federal workers accused of ethics violations in 2015:

https://money.cnn.com/2017/02/12/news/ethical-violation-penalties/index.html

Ron DeSantis, Trump rival:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ron_DeSantis

Plans to destroy the Civil Service as we know it:

https://nymag.com/intelligencer/2023/06/trump-and-desantis-want-to-destroy-the-civil-service.html

Whether Joe Biden was involved in Hunter Biden’s shady dealings:

https://www.nytimes.com/2023/08/04/us/politics/biden-devon-archer-testimony.html

Senator Robert Menendez–accused of bribery:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob_Menendez

Accusations:

https://www.nytimes.com/2023/09/22/nyregion/robert-menendez-indicted.html

https://thehill.com/homenews/senate/4218060-fbi-found-gold-bars-in-menendezs-house-money-stuffed-in-jackets-prosecutors-say/


A DISCUSSION GUIDE

Janet Malcolm, New Yorker writer:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Janet_Malcolm

Her article mentioning the perils of talking to the press:

https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/1989/03/13/the-journalist-and-the-murderer-i

Civic journalism:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Civic_journalism

James Fallows, author, journalist and former White House speechwriter

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Fallows

Fallows’s Breaking the News:

https://www.penguinrandomhouse.com/books/47836/breaking-the-news-by-james-fallows/

Citizen journalism:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Citizen_journalism

Steven Waldman, president, Report for America:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steven_Waldman

His Politico article on funding local news:

https://www.politico.com/news/magazine/2023/04/02/james-madison-subsidize-the-news-00090023?utm_source=substack&utm_medium=email

ProPublica:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ProPublica

Americans’ distrust of the media:

https://knightfoundation.org/reports/american-views-2023-part-2/

SCANDALS’S CHARACTERS LIST

Baruch Spinoza, the seventeenth-century philosopher:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baruch_Spinoza


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